What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition. It can lead to health issues such as heart attack; stroke; blindness; kidney failure; or loss of toes, feet, or legs.

What is Prediabetes?

Having prediabetes means your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. One in three American adults has prediabetes, and most do not even know they have it. If you have prediabetes and do not lose weight or do moderate physical activity, you can develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

Am I at Risk for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes?

You are at increased risk for developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes if you:

  • Are 45 years of age or older
  • Are overweight
  • Have a family history of type 2 diabetes 
  • Are physically active fewer than three times per week; or  
  • Ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) or gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds.

If you think you may be at risk, a health care provider can do a blood test to see if you have diabetes or prediabetes.

You can also learn more about prediabetes, and whether you are at risk.

What is the Prevent T2: Diabetes Prevention Program?

PreventT2 is part of the National Diabetes Prevention Program, led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  It is proven to help people with prediabetes prevent or delay development of type 2 diabetes. 

As part of a PreventT2 group, you will work with other participants and a trained lifestyle coach to learn the skills you need to make lasting changes. These changes include losing a modest amount of weight, being more physically active, and managing stress. Being part of a group provides support from other people who are facing similar challenges and trying to make the same changes you are. Together you can celebrate successes and find ways to overcome obstacles

Your goal will be to lose 5 to 7 percent of your body weight—that is 10 to 14 pounds for a person weighing 200 pounds—by improving your food choices and increasing physical activity. If you have prediabetes, these lifestyle changes can cut your risk of developing type 2 diabetes by more than half. 

What Is the Format of the PreventT2 Program?

PreventT2 groups meet for a year — weekly for the first 6 months, then once or twice a month for the second 6 months to maintain healthy lifestyle changes. During each session, your lifestyle coach will teach a lesson and lead a group discussion. For example, you will learn to:

  • Eat healthy
  • Add physical activity to your life
  • Manage stress
  • Stay on track when eating out

For more information about the PreventT2 Curriculum, go to http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention/index.html

Where Can I Participate in a PreventT2 Program?

Prevent T2: Diabetes Prevention Program is currently being offered in Redmond, Prineville, Madras, La Pine and Bend. There is currently no charge to participants.

New Workshops for 2017
Location Start Date Time
Redmond: Redmond Senior Center January 10, 2017 1:00-2:00 pm
Bend: Deschutes County Health Services January 5, 2017 1:00-2:00 pm
La Pine Deschutes County Library February 15, 2017  1:30-3:00 pm


For more information about the program, please contact Sarah Worthington at (541)-322-7446, or email sarahw@deschutes.org. You can also search for workshops near you at: https://compass.qtacny.org/find-a-workshop

Does PreventT2 Work?

The PreventT2 program can help people with prediabetes cut their risk of developing type 2 diabetes in half. The Diabetes Prevention Program research study showed that making modest behavior changes helped participants lose 5 to 7 percent of their body weight — that is 10 to 14 pounds for a person weighing 200 pounds. These lifestyle changes reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 percent in people with prediabetes.